Debian Med Project
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Summary
Cloud
Debian Med bioinformatics applications usable in cloud computing

This metapackage will install Debian packages related to molecular biology, structural biology and bioinformatics for use in life sciences, that do not depend on graphical toolkits and therefore can fit on system images for use in cloud computing clusters, where space can be limited.

The list to the right includes various software projects which are of some interest to the Debian Med Project. Currently, only a few of them are available as Debian packages. It is our goal, however, to include all software in Debian Med which can sensibly add to a high quality Debian Pure Blend.

For a better overview of the project's availability as a Debian package, each head row has a color code according to this scheme:

If you discover a project which looks like a good candidate for Debian Med to you, or if you have prepared an unofficial Debian package, please do not hesitate to send a description of that project to the Debian Med mailing list

Links to other tasks

Debian Med Cloud packages

Official Debian packages with high relevance

Alien-hunter
Interpolated Variable Order Motifs to identify horizontally acquired DNA
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Alien_hunter is an application for the prediction of putative Horizontal Gene Transfer (HGT) events with the implementation of Interpolated Variable Order Motifs (IVOMs). An IVOM approach exploits compositional biases using variable order motif distributions and captures more reliably the local composition of a sequence compared to fixed-order methods. Optionally the predictions can be parsed into a 2-state 2nd order Hidden Markov Model (HMM), in a change-point detection framework, to optimize the localization of the boundaries of the predicted regions. The predictions (embl format) can be automatically loaded into Artemis genome viewer freely available at: http://www.sanger.ac.uk/Software/Artemis/.

Altree
program to perform phylogeny-based association and localization analysis
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ALTree was designed to perform association detection and localization of susceptibility sites using haplotype phylogenetic trees: first, it allows the detection of an association between a candidate gene and a disease, and second, it enables to make hypothesis about the susceptibility loci.

Autodock
analysis of ligand binding to protein structure
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AutoDock is a prime representative of the programs addressing the simulation of the docking of fairly small chemical ligands to rather big protein receptors. Earlier versions had all flexibility in the ligands while the protein was kept rather ridgid. This latest version 4 also allows for a flexibility of selected sidechains of surface residues, i.e., takes the rotamers into account.

The AutoDock program performs the docking of the ligand to a set of grids describing the target protein. AutoGrid pre-calculates these grids.

The package is enhanced by the following packages: autogrid
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Bedtools
suite of utilities for comparing genomic features
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The BEDTools utilities allow one to address common genomics tasks such as finding feature overlaps and computing coverage. The utilities are largely based on four widely-used file formats: BED, GFF/GTF, VCF, and SAM/BAM. Using BEDTools, one can develop sophisticated pipelines that answer complicated research questions by streaming several BEDTools together.

The groupBy utility is distributed in the filo package.

Bwa
Burrows-Wheeler Aligner
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BWA is a software package for mapping low-divergent sequences against a large reference genome, such as the human genome. It consists of three algorithms: BWA-backtrack, BWA-SW and BWA-MEM. The first algorithm is designed for Illumina sequence reads up to 100bp, while the rest two for longer sequences ranged from 70bp to 1Mbp. BWA-MEM and BWA-SW share similar features such as long-read support and split alignment, but BWA-MEM, which is the latest, is generally recommended for high-quality queries as it is faster and more accurate. BWA-MEM also has better performance than BWA-backtrack for 70-100bp Illumina reads.

Clustalw
global multiple nucleotide or peptide sequence alignment
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This program performs an alignment of multiple nucleotide or amino acid sequences. It recognizes the format of input sequences and whether the sequences are nucleic acid (DNA/RNA) or amino acid (proteins). The output format may be selected from in various formats for multiple alignments such as Phylip or FASTA. Clustal W is very well accepted.

The output of Clustal W can be edited manually but preferably with an alignment editor like SeaView or within its companion Clustal X. When building a model from your alignment, this can be applied for improved database searches. The Debian package hmmer creates such in form of an HMM.

The package is enhanced by the following packages: clustalw-mpi
Please cite: M. A. Larkin, G. Blackshields, N. P. Brown, R. Chenna, P. A. McGettigan, H. McWilliam, F. Valentin, I.M. Wallace, A. Wilm, R. Lopez, J. D. Thompson, T. J. Gibson and D. G. Higgins: Clustal W and Clustal X version 2.0. (PubMed,eprint) Bioinformatics 23(21):2947-2948 (2007)
Embassy-domainatrix
Extra EMBOSS commands to handle domain classification file
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The DOMAINATRIX programs were developed by Jon Ison and colleagues at MRC HGMP for their protein domain research. They are included as an EMBASSY package as a work in progress.

Applications in the current domainatrix release are cathparse (generates DCF file from raw CATH files), domainnr (removes redundant domains from a DCF file), domainreso (removes low resolution domains from a DCF file), domainseqs (adds sequence records to a DCF file), domainsse (adds secondary structure records to a DCF file), scopparse (generates DCF file from raw SCOP files) and ssematch (searches a DCF file for secondary structure matches).

Embassy-domalign
Extra EMBOSS commands for protein domain alignment
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The DOMALIGN programs were developed by Jon Ison and colleagues at MRC HGMP for their protein domain research. They are included as an EMBASSY package as a work in progress.

Applications in the current domalign release are allversusall (sequence similarity data from all-versus-all comparison), domainalign (generates alignments (DAF file) for nodes in a DCF file), domainrep (reorders DCF file to identify representative structures) and seqalign (extend alignments (DAF file) with sequences (DHF file)).

Embassy-domsearch
Extra EMBOSS commands to search for protein domains
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The DOMSEARCH programs were developed by Jon Ison and colleagues at MRC HGMP for their protein domain research. They are included as an EMBASSY package as a work in progress.

Applications in this DOMSEARCH release are seqfraggle (removes fragment sequences from DHF files), seqnr (removes redundancy from DHF files), seqsearch (generates PSI-BLAST hits (DHF file) from a DAF file), seqsort (Remove ambiguous classified sequences from DHF files) and seqwords (Generates DHF files from keyword search of UniProt).

Emboss
european molecular biology open software suite
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EMBOSS is a free Open Source software analysis package specially developed for the needs of the molecular biology (e.g. EMBnet) user community. The software automatically copes with data in a variety of formats and even allows transparent retrieval of sequence data from the web. Also, as extensive libraries are provided with the package, it is a platform to allow other scientists to develop and release software in true open source spirit. EMBOSS also integrates a range of currently available packages and tools for sequence analysis into a seamless whole. EMBOSS breaks the historical trend towards commercial software packages.

The package is enhanced by the following packages: clustalw primer3
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Fastdnaml
Tool for construction of phylogenetic trees of DNA sequences
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fastDNAml is a program derived from Joseph Felsenstein's version 3.3 DNAML (part of his PHYLIP package). Users should consult the documentation for DNAML before using this program.

fastDNAml is an attempt to solve the same problem as DNAML, but to do so faster and using less memory, so that larger trees and/or more bootstrap replicates become tractable. Much of fastDNAml is merely a recoding of the PHYLIP 3.3 DNAML program from PASCAL to C.

Note that the homepage of this program is not available any more and so this program will probably not see any further updates.

Please cite: Gary J. Olsen, Hideo Matsuda, Ray Hagstrom and Ross Overbeek: fastDNAml: a tool for construction of phylogenetic trees of DNA sequences using maximum likelihood. (PubMed,eprint) Comput Appl Biosci 10(1):41-48 (1994)
Fastlink
faster version of pedigree programs of Linkage
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Genetic linkage analysis is a statistical technique used to map genes and find the approximate location of disease genes. There was a standard software package for genetic linkage called LINKAGE. FASTLINK is a significantly modified and improved version of the main programs of LINKAGE that runs much faster sequentially, can run in parallel, allows the user to recover gracefully from a computer crash, and provides abundant new documentation. FASTLINK has been used in over 1000 published genetic linkage studies.

This package contains the following programs:

 ilink:    GEMINI optimization procedure to find a locally
           optimal value of the theta vector of recombination
           fractions
 linkmap:  calculates location scores of one locus against a
           fixed map of other loci
 lodscore: compares likelihoods at locally optimal theta
 mlink:    calculates lod scores and risk with two of more loci
 unknown:  identify possible genotypes for unknowns
Please cite: R. W. Cottingham Jr., R. M. Idury and A. A. Schaffer: Faster Sequential Genetic Linkage Computations. (PubMed,eprint) American Journal of Human Genetics 53(1):252-263 (1993)
Filo
FILe and stream Operations
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The following tools are available as part of the filo package:

groupBy – mimics the “groupBy” clause in database systems.

shuffle – randomize the order of lines in a file.

stats – computes descriptive statistic on a given column of a tab-delimited file or stream.

Because their name is too generic, ‘shuffle’ and ‘stats’ are relocated in /usr/lib/filo.

Infernal
inference of RNA secondary structural alignments
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Infernal ("INFERence of RNA ALignment") searches DNA sequence databases for RNA structure and sequence similarities. It provides an implementation of a special variant of profile stochastic context-free grammars called covariance models (CMs). A CM is like a sequence profile, but it scores a combination of sequence consensus and RNA secondary structure consensus, so in many cases, it is more capable of identifying RNA homologs that conserve their secondary structure more than their primary sequence.

The tool is an integral component of the Rfam database.

Please cite: Eric P. Nawrocki, Diana L. Kolbe and Sean R. Eddy: Infernal 1.0: inference of RNA alignments. (PubMed,eprint) Bioinformatics 25(10):1335-1337 (2009)
Last-align
genome-scale comparison of biological sequences
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LAST is software for comparing and aligning sequences, typically DNA or protein sequences. LAST is similar to BLAST, but it copes better with very large amounts of sequence data. Here are two things LAST is good at:

  • Comparing large (e.g. mammalian) genomes.
  • Mapping lots of sequence tags onto a genome.

The main technical innovation is that LAST finds initial matches based on their multiplicity, instead of using a fixed size (e.g. BLAST uses 10-mers). This allows one to map tags to genomes without repeat-masking, without becoming overwhelmed by repetitive hits. To find these variable-sized matches, it uses a suffix array (inspired by Vmatch). To achieve high sensitivity, it uses a discontiguous suffix array, analogous to spaced seeds.

Loki
MCMC linkage analysis on general pedigrees
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Performs Markov chain Monte Carlo multipoint linkage analysis on large, complex pedigrees. The current package supports analyses on quantitative traits only, although this restriction will be lifted in later versions. Joint estimation of QTL number, position and effects uses Reversible Jump MCMC. It is also possible to perform affected only IBD sharing analyses.

The package is enhanced by the following packages: loki-doc
Please cite: Simon C. Heath: Markov chain Monte Carlo segregation and linkage analysis for oligogenic models. (PubMed,eprint) American Journal of Human Genetics 61(3):748-60 (1997)
Maq
maps short fixed-length polymorphic DNA sequence reads to reference sequences
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Maq (short for Mapping and Assembly with Quality) builds mapping assemblies from short reads generated by the next-generation sequencing machines. It was particularly designed for Illumina-Solexa 1G Genetic Analyzer, and has a preliminary functionality to handle ABI SOLiD data. Maq is previously known as mapass2.

Developmemt of Maq stopped in 2008. Its successors are BWA and SAMtools.

Please cite: Heng Li, Jue Ruan and Richard Durbin: Mapping short DNA sequencing reads and calling variants using mapping quality scores. (PubMed,eprint) Genome Research 18(11):1851-1858 (2008)
Phyml
Phylogenetic estimation using Maximum Likelihood
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PhyML is a software that estimates maximum likelihood phylogenies from alignments of nucleotide or amino acid sequences. It provides a wide range of options that were designed to facilitate standard phylogenetic analyses. The main strengths of PhyML lies in the large number of substitution models coupled to various options to search the space of phylogenetic tree topologies, going from very fast and efficient methods to slower but generally more accurate approaches. It also implements two methods to evaluate branch supports in a sound statistical framework (the non-parametric bootstrap and the approximate likelihood ratio test).

PhyML was designed to process moderate to large data sets. In theory, alignments with up to 4,000 sequences 2,000,000 character-long can be analyzed. In practice however, the amount of memory required to process a data set is proportional of the product of the number of sequences by their length. Hence, a large number of sequences can only be processed provided that they are short. Also, PhyML can handle long sequences provided that they are not numerous. With most standard personal computers, the “comfort zone” for PhyML generally lies around 3 to 500 sequences less than 2,000 character long.

This pakcage also includes PhyTime.

Picard-tools
Command line tools to manipulate SAM and BAM files
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SAM (Sequence Alignment/Map) format is a generic format for storing large nucleotide sequence alignments. Picard Tools includes these utilities to manipulate SAM and BAM files: BamToBfq IlluminaBasecallsToSam BuildBamIndex MarkDuplicates CalculateHsMetrics MeanQualityByCycle CleanSam MergeBamAlignment CollectAlignmentSummaryMetrics MergeSamFiles CollectGcBiasMetrics NormalizeFasta CollectInsertSizeMetrics QualityScoreDistribution CollectRnaSeqMetrics ReplaceSamHeader CompareSAMs RevertSam CreateSequenceDictionary SamFormatConverter ExtractIlluminaBarcodes SamToFastq EstimateLibraryComplexity SortSam FastqToSam ValidateSamFile FixMateInformation ViewSam

Plink
whole-genome association analysis toolset
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plink expects as input the data from SNP (single nucleotide polymorphism) chips of many individuals and their phenotypical description of a disease. It finds associations of single or pairs of DNA variations with a phenotype and can retrieve SNP annotation from an online source.

SNPs can evaluated individually or as pairs for their association with the disease phenotypes. The joint investigation of copy number variations is supported. A variety of statistical tests have been implemented.

Please note: The executable was renamed to p-link because of a name clash. Please read more about this in /usr/share/doc/README.Debian.

Please cite: Shaun Purcell, Benjamin Neale, Kathe Todd-Brown, Lori Thomas, Manuel A. R. Ferreira, David Bender, Julian Maller, Pamela Sklar, Paul I. W. de Bakker, Mark J. Daly and Pak C. Sham: PLINK: a toolset for whole-genome association and population-based linkage analysis. (PubMed) American Journal of Human Genetics 81(3):559-75 (2007)
Python-cogent
framework for genomic biology
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PyCogent is a software library for genomic biology. It is a fully integrated and thoroughly tested framework for:

  • controlling third-party applications,
  • devising workflows; querying databases,
  • conducting novel probabilistic analyses of biological sequence evolution, and
  • generating publication quality graphics. It is distinguished by many unique built-in capabilities (such as true codon alignment) and the frequent addition of entirely new methods for the analysis of genomic data.
Please cite: Rob Knight, Peter Maxwell, Amanda Birmingham, Jason Carnes, J Gregory Caporaso, Brett C Easton, Michael Eaton, Micah Hamady, Helen Lindsay, Zongzhi Liu, Catherine Lozupone, Daniel McDonald, Michael Robeson, Raymond Sammut, Sandra Smit, Matthew J Wakefield, Jeremy Widmann, Shandy Wikman, Stephanie Wilson, Hua Ying and Gavin A Huttley: PyCogent: a toolkit for making sense from sequence. (PubMed,eprint) Genome Biology 8(8):R171 (2007)
R-bioc-hilbertvis
GNU R package to visualise long vector data
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This tool allows one to display very long data vectors in a space-efficient manner, by organising it along a 2D Hilbert curve. The user can then visually judge the large scale structure and distribution of features simultaenously with the rough shape and intensity of individual features.

In bioinformatics, a typical use case is ChIP-Chip and ChIP-Seq, or basically all the kinds of genomic data, that are conventionally displayed as quantitative track ("wiggle data") in genome browsers such as those provided by Ensembl or UCSC.

Please cite: Simon Anders: Visualization of genomic data with the Hilbert curve. (PubMed,eprint) Bioinformatics 25(10):1231-1235 (2009)
R-cran-qtl
GNU R package for genetic marker linkage analysis
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R/qtl is an extensible, interactive environment for mapping quantitative trait loci (QTLs) in experimental crosses. It is implemented as an add-on-package for the freely available and widely used statistical language/software R (see http://www.r-project.org).

The development of this software as an add-on to R allows one to take advantage of the basic mathematical and statistical functions, and powerful graphics capabilities, that are provided with R. Further, the user will benefit by the seamless integration of the QTL mapping software into a general statistical analysis program. The goal is to make complex QTL mapping methods widely accessible and allow users to focus on modeling rather than computing.

A key component of computational methods for QTL mapping is the hidden Markov model (HMM) technology for dealing with missing genotype data. The main HMM algorithms, with allowance for the presence of genotyping errors, for backcrosses, intercrosses, and phase-known four-way crosses were implemented.

The current version of R/qtl includes facilities for estimating genetic maps, identifying genotyping errors, and performing single-QTL genome scans and two-QTL, two-dimensional genome scans, by interval mapping (with the EM algorithm), Haley-Knott regression, and multiple imputation. All of this may be done in the presence of covariates (such as sex, age or treatment). One may also fit higher-order QTL models by multiple imputation.

Raster3d
tools for generating images of proteins or other molecules
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Raster3D is a set of tools for generating high quality raster images of proteins or other molecules. The core program renders spheres, triangles, cylinders, and quadric surfaces with specular highlighting, Phong shading, and shadowing. It uses an efficient software Z-buffer algorithm which is independent of any graphics hardware. Ancillary programs process atomic coordinates from PDB files into rendering descriptions for pictures composed of ribbons, space-filling atoms, bonds, ball+stick, etc. Raster3D can also be used to render pictures composed in other programs such as Molscript in glorious 3D with highlights, shadowing, etc. Output is to pixel image files with 24 bits of color information per pixel.

Rnahybrid
Fast and effective prediction of microRNA/target duplexes
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RNAhybrid is a tool for finding the minimum free energy hybridisation of a long and a short RNA. The hybridisation is performed in a kind of domain mode, ie. The short sequence is hybridised to the best fitting part of the long one. The tool is primarily meant as a means for microRNA target prediction.

Samtools
processing sequence alignments in SAM and BAM formats
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Samtools is a set of utilities that manipulate nucleotide sequence alignments in the binary BAM format. It imports from and exports to the ascii SAM (Sequence Alignment/Map) format, does sorting, merging and indexing, and allows to retrieve reads in any regions swiftly. It is designed to work on a stream, and is able to open a BAM (not SAM) file on a remote FTP or HTTP server.

The package is enhanced by the following packages: libbio-samtools-perl
Ssake
genomics application for assembling millions of very short DNA sequences
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The Short Sequence Assembly by K-mer search and 3′ read Extension (SSAKE) is a genomics application for aggressively assembling millions of short nucleotide sequences by progressively searching for perfect 3′-most k-mers using a DNA prefix tree. SSAKE is designed to help leverage the information from short sequences reads by stringently clustering them into contigs that can be used to characterize novel sequencing targets.

Please cite: Rene L. Warren, Granger G. Sutton, Steven J. M. Jones and Robert A. Holt: Assembling millions of short DNA sequences using SSAKE. (PubMed,eprint) Bioinformatics 23(4):500-501 (2007)
Tophat
fast splice junction mapper for RNA-Seq reads
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TopHat aligns RNA-Seq reads to mammalian-sized genomes using the ultra high-throughput short read aligner Bowtie, and then analyzes the mapping results to identify splice junctions between exons. TopHat is a collaborative effort between the University of Maryland Center for Bioinformatics and Computational Biology and the University of California, Berkeley Departments of Mathematics and Molecular and Cell Biology.

The package is enhanced by the following packages: cufflinks
Please cite: Cole Trapnell, Lior Pachter and Steven L. Salzberg: TopHat: discovering splice junctions with RNA-Seq. (PubMed,eprint) Bioinformatics 25(9):1105-1111 (2009)
Tree-ppuzzle
Parallelized reconstruction of phylogenetic trees by maximum likelihood
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TREE-PUZZLE (the new name for PUZZLE) is an interactive console program that implements a fast tree search algorithm, quartet puzzling, that allows analysis of large data sets and automatically assigns estimations of support to each internal branch. TREE-PUZZLE also computes pairwise maximum likelihood distances as well as branch lengths for user specified trees. Branch lengths can also be calculated under the clock-assumption. In addition, TREE-PUZZLE offers a novel method, likelihood mapping, to investigate the support of a hypothesized internal branch without computing an overall tree and to visualize the phylogenetic content of a sequence alignment.

This is the parallelized version of tree-puzzle.

Please cite: Heiko A. Schmidt, Korbinian Strimmer, Martin Vingron and Arndt von Haeseler: TREE-PUZZLE: maximum likelihood phylogenetic analysis using quartets and parallel computing. (PubMed,eprint) Bioinformatics 18(3):502-504 (2002)
Tree-puzzle
Reconstruction of phylogenetic trees by maximum likelihood
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TREE-PUZZLE (the new name for PUZZLE) is an interactive console program that implements a fast tree search algorithm, quartet puzzling, that allows analysis of large data sets and automatically assigns estimations of support to each internal branch. TREE-PUZZLE also computes pairwise maximum likelihood distances as well as branch lengths for user specified trees. Branch lengths can also be calculated under the clock-assumption. In addition, TREE-PUZZLE offers a novel method, likelihood mapping, to investigate the support of a hypothesized internal branch without computing an overall tree and to visualize the phylogenetic content of a sequence alignment.

Please cite: Heiko A. Schmidt, Korbinian Strimmer, Martin Vingron and Arndt von Haeseler: TREE-PUZZLE: maximum likelihood phylogenetic analysis using quartets and parallel computing. (PubMed,eprint) Bioinformatics 18(3):502-504 (2002)
Velvet
Nucleic acid sequence assembler for very short reads
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Velvet is a de novo genomic assembler specially designed for short read sequencing technologies, such as Solexa or 454, developed by Daniel Zerbino and Ewan Birney at the European Bioinformatics Institute (EMBL-EBI), near Cambridge, in the United Kingdom.

Velvet currently takes in short read sequences, removes errors then produces high quality unique contigs. It then uses paired read information, if available, to retrieve the repeated areas between contigs.

Please cite: Daniel R. Zerbino and Ewan Birney: Velvet: Algorithms for de novo short read assembly using de Bruijn graphs. (PubMed,eprint) Genome Research 18(5):821-829 (2008)

Debian packages in contrib or non-free

Clustalw-mpi
MPI-distributed global sequence alignment with ClustalW
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ClustalW is a popular tool for multiple sequence alignment. The alignment is achieved via three steps: pairwise alignment, guide-tree generation and progressive alignment. ClustalW-MPI is an MPI implementation of ClustalW. Based on version 1.82 of the original ClustalW, both the pairwise and progressive alignments are parallelized with MPI, a popular message passing programming standard. The pairwise alignments can be easily parallelized since the many alignments are time independent on each other. However the progressive alignments are essentially not parallelizable because of the time dependencies between each alignment.

Here the recursive parallelism paradigm is applied to the linear space profile-profile alignment algorithm. This approach is more time efficient on computers with distributed memory architecture. Traditional approach that relies on precomputing the profile-profile score matrix has also been implemented. Results shown the latter is indeed more appropriate for shared memory multiprocessor computer.

ClustalX is suggested for its support for local realignments, seaview is a versatile editor of alignments.

The original ClustalW/ClustalX can be found at URL: http://www.clustal.org/download/pre-2/

Embassy-phylip
EMBOSS conversions of the programs in the phylip package
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This package is the adaptation of the PHYLIP package in which its programs can operate with the biological sequence formats and databases of the European Molecular Biology Open Software Suite (EMBOSS). The software packages adapted for EMBOSS are called EMBASSY.

PHYLIP (the PHYLogeny Inference Package) is a package of programs for inferring phylogenies (evolutionary trees). Methods that are available in the package include parsimony, distance matrix, and likelihood methods, including bootstrapping and consensus trees. Data types that can be handled include molecular sequences, gene frequencies, restriction sites and fragments, distance matrices, and discrete characters.

The EMBASSY PHYLIP programs all have the prefix "f" to distinguish them from the original programs and avoid namespace conflict.

Packaging has started and developers might try the packaging code in VCS

Bagpipe
genomewide LD mapping
License: GPL3+
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Bagpipe is a program for performing genomewide linkage disequilibrium mapping of quantitative trait loci in populations whose genome structure can be accommodated in the HAPPY framework [Mott00]. This includes most diploid crosses where the founders of the individuals have known genotypes.

  • Bagpipe is a simplified and streamlined version of Bagphenotype that does not currently include resample model averaging (RMA) capabilities.
  • Bagpipe can help fit single locus regression models (with or without random effects) to marker intervals whose genetic ancestry is inferred using the HAPPY software.
  • Bagpipe cannot help you decide what is a sensible model to fit.
  • Bagpipe does not currently accommodate populations with significant population structure, except through the specification of simple random intercepts based on unpatterned covariance matrices.
  • Bagpipe is named after the Scottish wind instrument "the bagpipes" and after Bagphenotype, which in turn was a PIPEline for BAGging-based multiple QTL analysis of phenoTYPEs. Bagphenotype was in turn based on software written by Richard Mott and William Valdar to analyze heterogeneous stock mice in [Valdar06].
  • Bagpipe is experimental software, is provided free of charge subject to copyleft restrictions, and comes with no guarantees whatsoever.

[Mott00] Mott R, Talbot CJ, Turri MG, Collins AC, Flint, J (2000) A method for fine mapping quantitative trait loci in outbred animal stocks. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 97(23), 12649-54. [Valdar06] Valdar W, Solberg LC, Gaugier D, Burnett S, Klenerman P, Cookson WO, Taylor M, Rawlins JNP, Mott R, Flint J (2006) Genome-wide genetic association of complex traits in outbred mice. Nature Genetics 38(8):879-87. PMID:16832355

R-other-valdar-bagphenotype.library
GNU R extension of the functionality of happy
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Version: 0.22-1

mapping QTLs in populations descended from known founders

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